Two-tier seasonal concentration of tourism in the European Union


  • Marek Szajt Politechnika Częstochowska


Słowa kluczowe:

badania ilościowe; sezonowość; zarządzanie turystyką; cykl dwustopniowy


The market for tourist services is subject to the most significant impact of seasonality among all sectors of the economy. Due to growing wealth and the increasing amount of free time, the signifi‑ cance of this sector is on the rise. This research aims to outline the degree of seasonality by month in EU member states and identify changes in seasonal tourist concentration and its varying levels from 1990 to 2018. The research uses data on the actual numbers of overnight stays of nationals and non‑nationals from the EUROSTAT databases. The measures include absolute and refined indicators of seasonality and the Gini coefficient. The analysis has enabled three groups of countries to be identified according to different concentration levels. The classification of a specific country into a group seems to be helpful in planning for their domestic market. Moreover, a novelty in the study of the tourism services market is the identification of a two‑stage 8‑year cycle in seasonal tourism concentrations in the European Union.

Biogram autora

Marek Szajt - Politechnika Częstochowska

Marek Szajt, dr hab., Professor of Częstochowa University of Technology, received the M. Sc. from the University of Lodz (1998), Ph.D degree from The Częstochowa University of Technology and University Lyon II (2003), habilitation at Wrocław University of Economics (2012). His areas of interest include statistical analysis and space-time models in the modelling of economic processes. Presently he is Chair of Econometrics and Statistics.


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Jak cytować

Szajt, M. (2022). Two-tier seasonal concentration of tourism in the European Union. Przedsiębiorczość - Edukacja, 18(1), 159–177.